Androgenetic alopecia, commonly referred Male Pattern Baldness, is a prevalent hair loss condition that affects men. Typically, it starts at the hairline and crown of the head and is identified by a consistent pattern of hair thinning and loss. Both genetic and hormonal factors affected the condition. Genetics largely influenced its prevalence increases with age. This condition begins in men during their late teens to early twenties, with the incidence increasing as they get older. To maintain better hair health and appearance, individuals must understand Male Pattern Baldness (MPB), which empowers them to make informed decisions regarding hair care and treatment.
What is Male Pattern Baldness (MPB)?
A gradual and predictable hair thinning and loss pattern characterises Androgenic Alopecia, also known as Male Pattern Baldness. A combination of genetics and hormones makes hair follicles on the scalp sensitive to androgens. It makes hair follicles weaker and thinner, potentially leading to complete hair loss over time.
Although androgenic alopecia is a hair loss state, it is different from other types of hair loss in many ways, such as:
Pattern: MPB follows a discrete pattern, with hair loss naturally starting at the hairline and crown in men. Other kinds of hair loss, like alopecia areata or telogen effluvium, might have unique patterns, such as patchy hair loss.
Genetics: MPB has a genetic element. Family history plays a substantial role in it. Other types of hair loss might not have as stout a genetic impact.
Hormonal Influence: MPB is influenced by the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Dissimilar hormonal imbalances or factors might drive other types of hair loss.
Progression: MPB is typically an ongoing condition. Hair loss deteriorates over time if left untreated. Some other types of hair loss have an abrupt onset and could resolve on their own.
Age of Onset: MPB typically starts during the late teens to early twenties in men. Other types of hair loss can arise at different ages and have numerous triggers.
Gender: MPB is more communal among men but can upset women. Female pattern baldness frequently involves overall thinning rather than a receding hairline. Other types of hair loss, like postpartum hair loss, are more specific to women.
Treatment: MPB treatments are often intended to aim at the hormonal and genetic factors involved. The treatment of MPB involves the use of medications like finasteride and minoxidil. Other types of hair loss necessitate different approaches, such as immune-suppressing treatments for alopecia areata.
The Genetic Connection: Is Male Pattern Baldness Inherited?
Yes, Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) has a strong genetic connection and is largely inherited. If your blood relatives, such as your parents or grandparents, had MPB, you are also more likely to develop it. The inheritance pattern of MPB is complex and involves a combination of genes from both sides of your family.
The onset of baldness is strongly affected by genetic factors. Genetic factors determine an individual’s susceptibility to hair loss caused by dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a vital hormone in that process. Emerging effective schemes to cope with and treat baldness entails understanding the link between genetics and other factors. Personalised insights and recommendations can be provided by consulting a healthcare professional.
When Does Male Pattern Baldness Start, and How Long Does it Take?
Male Pattern Baldness usually begins in late adolescence or early adolescence. However, the age at which MPB begins can vary among individuals. In some cases, men may show signs of MPB as early as their late teens, whereas in others, it may take until their thirties to start experiencing significant hair loss.
The evolution of MPB is regular, and it can take some years for obvious hair thinning and receding to happen. Some may experience a slow and steady headway over time, while others may see quick changes over a shorter period.
The Norwood-Hamilton Scale, generally used to categorise the stages of MPB, helps exemplify the progression and pattern of hair loss. It ranges from Stage I (minimal to no hair loss) to Stage VII (extensive hair loss).
It’s important to note that not everyone will pass through all the stages, and the rate of progression may differ.
Recognising the Signs: Symptoms of Male Pattern Baldness
Male Pattern Baldness (MPB), or androgenetic alopecia, manifests through a predictable pattern of hair thinning and loss. Here’s a detailed list and description of the early and progressive signs of MPB:
- Receding Hairline: Hairline decline is one of the first signs of male pattern baldness (MPB). Hair loss at the temples creates an “M” shape as it regresses.
- Thinning Crown: Another significant indicator is thinning at the crown of the scalp. Over time, hair at the top of the head becomes sparser, and a circular or oval bald spot may develop.
- Miniaturisation: Affected hair follicles produce progressively thinner and shorter hair strands. This phenomenon, known as miniaturisation, is a hallmark of MPB.
- Increased Hair Shedding: You may notice increased hair shedding while showering or combing your hair. However, it’s important to distinguish between normal shedding and excessive shedding associated with MPB.
- Widening Part: As hair thins, the part in your hair may appear wider than usual, exposing more of the scalp.
- Hairline Recession: The hairline may recede to a higher position on the forehead, creating a more pronounced forehead and changes in facial proportions.
- Gradual Thinning: Over time, the overall density of hair on the scalp decreases, leading to hair thinning.
- Horseshoe Pattern: As MPB progresses, a common pattern emerges where hair remains on the back and sides of the head, forming a horseshoe shape, while the frontal and crown areas experience more significant hair loss.
- Slow Growth: Hair in affected areas may grow more slowly, and the growth phase (anagen phase) becomes shorter compared to unaffected areas.
- Increased Scalp Visibility: The scalp may become more visible through thinning hair, especially under certain lighting conditions.
Stages and Types of Male Pattern Baldness
Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) categorised into several stages based on the pattern and extent of hair loss. The progression stages range from mild to severe, typically described using the Norwood-Hamilton Scale (for men). Here’s an explanation of the stages of MPB from mild to severe:
Norwood-Hamilton Scale for Men:
Stage 1: This stage represents minimal to no hair loss. The hairline is normal, with no signs of thinning or recession.
Stage 2: Hair loss becomes noticeable as the hairline begins to recede slightly at the temples. This stage often marks the onset of MPB.
Stage 3: Hair loss is more pronounced, further receding at the temples. A deeper “M” shape forms in the frontal hairline.
Stage 4: Hair loss progresses to the crown, resulting in a bald spot at the top of the head. The hairline recedes significantly, and the “M” shape becomes more prominent.
Stage 5: The bald spot at the crown becomes larger, and the “M” shape continues to recede. A bridge of hair may remain between the receding hairline and the crown.
Stage 6: The bridge of hair further thins, and the bald areas at the crown and frontal scalp continue to enlarge. The remaining hair becomes sparser.
Stage 7: This stage represents the most advanced hair loss. Hair remains only at the sides and back of the head, forming a horseshoe-shaped pattern—the bald areas on the crown and frontal scalp merge.
Baldness, or hair loss, can occur in various patterns and types, each with distinct characteristics, causes, and treatments. Understanding the patterns of baldness is crucial for accurately diagnosing and addressing the condition. Here, we’ll discuss some of the most common types of baldness:
Male Pattern Baldness (Androgenetic Alopecia): The most communal type in men categorised by declining hairline and dilution crown, creating a horseshoe shape. Genetic and hormonal factors subsidise.
Female Pattern Baldness (Androgenetic Alopecia in Women): Women experience diffuse hair thinning, especially at the crown. Hairline recession is less common. Genetics and hormones play a role.
Alopecia Areata: Autoimmune condition beginning round patches of hair loss on the scalp or body. The immune system bouts hair follicles, leading to rapid hair loss.
Telogen Effluvium: Hair shedding triggered by stress, illness, or hormonal changes, causing extreme hair loss for a few months. Often fleeting and resolves with the elimination of the triggering factor.
Traction Alopecia: Hair loss due to tension on hair follicles from tight hairstyles or hair extensions can stopped by changing hairstyling rehearses.
Scarring Alopecia (Cicatricial Alopecia): Inflammation and scarring damage hair follicles, leading to eternal hair loss. Different subtypes with various reasons and features.
Anagen Effluvium: Rapid hair loss through the growth phase due to factors like chemotherapy, radiation, or exposure to toxins. Hair may regrow once the origin is removed.
Alopecia Totalis and Universalis: Severe forms of alopecia areata. Totalis involves ample scalp hair loss, while universalis causes the loss of all body hair.
Can Male Pattern Baldness be Reversed? Treatments and Cures
Certainly, here’s an overview of available treatments for Male Pattern Baldness (MPB), ranging from non-invasive topical solutions to surgical options:
1. Topical Solutions:
- Minoxidil: An over-the-counter topical solution that promotes hair growth and extends the hair cycle’s anagen (growth) phase. It’s available in various strengths and formulations.
- Topical Finasteride: Similar to oral finasteride, topical finasteride is applied directly to the scalp to inhibit DHT production locally, reducing hair follicle miniaturisation.
2. Oral Medications:
- Finasteride: An oral prescription medication that inhibits the enzyme responsible for converting testosterone to DHT. It can slow down hair loss and promote regrowth, particularly in the crown area.
- Dutasteride: Another oral prescription medication that targets DHT production more broadly. It’s used off-label for hair loss.
3. Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT):
Devices like laser combs, helmets, or caps emit low-level laser light that stimulates hair follicles, promoting growth and increasing blood flow to the scalp.
4. Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Therapy:
PRP involves drawing blood, processing it to concentrate platelets, and injecting the platelet-rich plasma into the scalp. Growth factors in PRP may stimulate hair follicles and encourage growth.
5. Hair Growth Shampoos and Topicals:
6. Hair Transplant Surgery:
- Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT): Also known as the “strip method,” a strip of hair-bearing scalp is removed from the back of the head and dissected into individual follicular units for transplantation.
- Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE): Individual hair follicles are harvested from the donor area and transplanted to the recipient area. FUE is less invasive than FUT and leaves minimal scarring.
7. Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP):
A non-surgical cosmetic procedure where microdots of pigment are tattooed onto the scalp, replicating the appearance of hair follicles. It’s effective for creating the illusion of a closely shaved head.
8. Hair Systems and Wigs:
Hair Systems or wigs made from natural or synthetic hair can provide an immediate cosmetic solution to cover balding areas.
9. Lifestyle Changes:
Adopting a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, exercise, stress management, and proper hair care can contribute to overall hair health.
As a concern for hair loss, Tru hair oil does the best job to cure baldness and reduce hair fall. It nourishes your hair as it is 100% natural and organic. All oils are enriched with novel herbs like Bhringraj, Hibiscus, Brahmi and amla. They make your hair strong and reduce the symptoms of MPB.
Embrace the Change: Male Pattern Baldness Hairstyles
Stylish hairstyles can help men confidently manage and embrace the different stages of Male Pattern Baldness (MPB). Here are some hairstyle suggestions that work well for each stage of MPB:
Early Stage (Stage 1-2):
- Crew Cut: Keep the hair relatively short all over the head for a neat and clean look.
- Buzz Cut: Embrace a short haircut that minimises the contrast between thinning and thicker hair.
- Textured Crop: Add texture and dimension to the hair with a slightly longer top and shorter sides.
Moderate Stage (Stage 3-4):
- Short Pompadour: Create volume at the front with a short pompadour style while keeping the sides and back shorter.
- Tapered Undercut: Taper the sides and back while leaving more length on top for a modern and stylish contrast.
- Messy Quiff: Use texturising products to create a messy and carefree quiff that adds volume to the top.
Advanced Stage (Stage 5-7):
- Shaved Head: Embrace a completely shaved head for a clean and confident look.
- Bald with Beard: Pair a bald head with a well-groomed beard for a balanced and fashionable appearance.
- Sculpted Stubble: Maintain a short and sculpted stubble to complement the lack of hair on the head.
- Classic Hat Style: Rock stylish hats, caps, or beanies to add a fashionable accessory while keeping the focus away from hair loss.
Hair systems, such as wigs and hairpieces, seamlessly blend with your natural hair or scalp and provide a natural-looking solution for baldness.
- Customisation: Hair systems can now be personalised according to your preferences, including hair colour, texture, length, and density, resulting in a natural blend with your remaining hair.
- Coverage: Regardless of the stage of baldness, hair systems provide coverage for areas with thinning or no hair, improving appearance and boosting confidence.
- Natural Hairline: Advanced hair systems designed to have a natural-looking hairline, often using lace or other materials that mimic the appearance of the scalp.
- Versatile Styles: Hair systems offer versatile styling options with varying haircuts, lengths, textures, and styles.
- Confidence Boost: Hair loss can affect one’s self-esteem. Hair systems can help restore confidence by providing a more youthful and fresh appearance.
- Non-Invasive: Hair systems are non-invasive and don’t involve medical procedures.
- Temporary or Permanent: Hair systems are available in various types, including temporary options that you can put on and remove and semi-permanent ones that can be worn for weeks.
- Maintenance: Proper care and maintenance can make hair systems last longer and look more natural. Regular cleaning, styling, and maintenance appointments for optimal results.
Hair systems are Non-Surgical hair replacement systems, an adaptable and effective option for entities who want to discover different looks and styles while managing their hair loss.
Understanding Male Pattern Baldness is the first step towards embracing stylish solutions that suit your preferences and lifestyle. While hair loss can be challenging, a range of options are available to help you feel confident and maintain your style. Whether you choose a new haircut, explore hair products, or consider more advanced treatments, the key lies in confidently embracing your look. Consult with professionals to find the best solution and pridefully rock your style.
For personalised solutions of MPB, consider Tru hair products, as they are 100% natural and organic. They help to prevent and cure Male Pattern Baldness as we provide a wide range of hair care products regarding every hair concern.